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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1

Quantitative and qualitative assessment of waste produced in sari hospitals


1 Department of Microbiology, Students' Scientific Research Center, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Medical Biotechnology, Research Committee, School of Advanced Technologies Medicine in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Department of Lab Sciences, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iran
6 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
7 Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Ali Jafarpour
Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
Robabeh Vahidi-Kolur
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijehe.ijehe_2_20

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Aims: The Iranian city of Sari with a green nature has great environmental importance, especially in ecotourism. Thus, the proper management of medical wastes is necessary to maintain a sustainable environment. This study is aimed to determine the quantitative and qualitative wastes in the hospitals of Sari. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study using a descriptive-analytical approach to analyze the infectious and noninfectious wastes of four hospitals in Sari. The data collection instrument was a checklist that was completed on visits to hospitals and observation of cases. Data analysis was performed using Excel and R software programs. Results: The average quantity of the total waste produced in hospitals was 218, 482, 19.5, and 17 kg/day for infectious, household, sharp-cutter, and pharmaceutical wastes, respectively. The rate of hospital waste production for various types of infectious, household, sharp-cutter, and pharmaceutical wastes equaled 1.15, 2.13, 0.09, and 0.28 kg/bed, respectively. Conclusion: Due to the high percentage of infectious wastes, despite considerable efforts to separate wastes, there are still problems in the hospitals that require more attention from the authorities, as well as the incorporation of new methods to render waste safe before it leaves the hospital.


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