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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13

System analysis of industrial waste management: A case study of industrial plants located between Tehran and Karaj


1 Environment Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS); Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Student Research Center, School of Health, IUMS, Isfahan; Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Ilam University of Medical Science, Ilam, Iran
2 Environment Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS); Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Student Research Center, School of Health, IUMS, Isfahan; Department of Environmental health engineering, School of Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical, Yazd, Iran
3 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health; Occupational Health Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Student's Research Committee, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mehdi Farzadkia
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: Iran University of Medical Sciences, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2277-9183.157706

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Aims: In this study, management of industrial waste in industries located between Tehran and Karaj in 2009-2010 was examined. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study which was done by site survey (Iranian environmental protection organization) questionnaire usage and results analysis. This questionnaire was consisted of 45 questions about industrial waste, quantity, quality, and management. A total number of industries with over 50 employees was 283, and Stratified sampling method was used. Sample of size 50 was selected from 283cases. Results: The major hazardous waste-generating industries include chemical and plastic. Private sectors disposed 45% of generated waste. Majority of wastes were buried (62%), and only 17% of industrial waste was recycled. Conclusion: For hazardous waste reduction in this zone and health and economic attractions, the opportunity for reuse and recovery for these wastes must maximize in short-term and burial of industrial waste must be minimized. Industries such as chemical-plastic and electronics which have higher hazardous waste, in long-term, must be replaced with other industries such as wood cellulose and paper that have lower hazardous waste production rate.


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